programming (and other) musings
26 Jan 2021

in no particular order xv

Interesting bits elsewhere:

Tags: sundry
21 Jan 2021

consulting spotify in a better way

After my latest adventures writing a small spotify library and learning in the process a bit more about consult, its author, Daniel Mendler, was kind enough to comment on how i had implemented the asynchronous search using consult's API, showing me better ways.

You can read the full discussion in this issue over at codeberg (where you can also find the latest version of the library), but the gist of it, regarding consult, is as follows.

To define a new asynchronous consult command, one wants to use consult--read, passing to it a function that generates our dynamic list of completion candidates. To create that function, one can use a pipeline of closures that successively create and massage those candidates. In the case of espotify that layering might look like this1:

(thread-first (consult--async-sink)
  (espotify--async-search type filter)

where we only have to implement espotify--asynch-search to construct the generator of completion candidates (more about it in a moment). The rest are helpers already provided by consult:

Consult offers also a few more closure generators that we haven't used (yet):

Back to our candidates generator. It must be a function that takes a continuation closure (the async after you in the pipeline) and returns an action dispatcher, that is, a function takiing that action as its single argument (possibly passing its results, or simply delegating, to the next handler in the pipeline). So our dispatcher generator is going to look something like this template, where we display all possible actions to be dispatched:

(defun espotify--async-search (next-async ...)
  ;; return a dispatcher for new actions
  (lambda (action)
    (pcase action
      ((pred stringp) ...) ;; if the action is a string, it's the user input
      ((pred listp) ...)   ;; if a list, candidates to be appended
      ('setup ...)
      ('destroy ...)
      ('flush ..)
      ('get ...))))

For each action, we must decide whether to handle it ourselves or simply pass it to next-async, or maybe both. Or we could ask next-async to perform new actions for us. In our case, we only care about generating a list of tracks when given a query string that ends on a marker character2, and making sure it reaches the top level. Thus, our async has only work to do when it receives a string, simplifying my original implemetation to:

(defun espotify--async-search (next type filter)
  (lambda (action)
    (pcase action
      ((pred stringp)
       (when (string-suffix-p "=" action)
          (lambda (items)  ;; search results callback
            (funcall next 'flush)
            (funcall next (mapcar #'spotify--format-item items)))
          (substring action 0 (- (length action)
                                 (length espotify-search-suffix)))
      (_ (funcall next action)))))

As you can see, when we receive a search string, we launch an asynchronous search and, upon receiving its results, we flush the layer above us (so that it discards previous candidates) and pass the new candidate list to it. It is ultimately the closure returned by consult--async-sink the one keeping track of those candidates, and making them accessible to consult--read. The latter is expecting candidates to be strings (possibly with properties), while our search callback is receiving, via its items parameter, a list of alists: that's why we need to map over them with espotify--format-item. If we prefer, we can make that transformation explicit by simply returning items in that callback (via (funcall next items)) and inserting consult--async-map in our pipeline, which would now look like:

(thread-first (consult--async-sink)
  (consult--async-map #'espotify--format-item)
  (espotify--async-search type filter)

With all that, our code looks tidier and easier to understand (i at least understand much better its workings) 3. You can always check its latest version, in literate version, here (C-c C-v t in the org buffer will generate espotify.el for you).

Thanks Daniel!



thread-first is the elisp equivalent of clojure's handy -> macro; as you might expect, there's also thread-last matching ->>, but i miss a bit some of the other clojure threading macros (which i'm sure are provided in one package or the other, but i digress).


We manually throttle network connections in this way, with the user telling us when she wants to start a search, instead of relying on timers input via consult--async-refresh-timer.


The immediate next thing was to add Marginalia annotations to the candidates and a couple of embark actions for good measure, but those are topics for a future post (although you can always peek under the rug).

Tags: emacs
21 Jan 2021

an emacs packages hat trick

i've found these last days a handful of really useful little emacs packages:

Tip of the hat to Daniel Mai, for a couple of the above. You might find some other interesting tidbits in his config.

Tags: emacs
11 Jan 2021

an even better video wharf

A couple of days ago, i was writing about embark and my first experiment defining a new embarking to play remote video streams. Omar AntolĂ­n Camarena, embark's author, has been kind enough to not only read it, but comment on a couple of significant improvements that i think well deserve this follow-up.

First, you'll remember that we were defining a function to detect a video URL:

(defun jao-video-finder ()
  "Check whether we're looking at a video URL.
Return (video-url . <URL>) if so."
  (when-let ((url (thing-at-point-url-at-point)))
    (when (string-match-p jao-video-url-rx url)
      (cons 'video-url url))))

Once we've got a non-null url value, even if it's not a video URL, it's still certainly a URL, and embark has a url category, so we could save a new parsing by the default URL finder by saying:

(when-let ((url (thing-at-point-url-at-point)))
  (cons (if (string-match-p jao-video-url-rx url) 'video-url 'url) url))

This has the potential drawback that we're overriding embark's finder, embark-target-url-at-point, and we might prefer to keep the latter.

Turns out that we can do that thanks to embark's target transformers. One can add to embark-transformers-alist an arbitrary function to be applied to a target of any given category, and embark will apply its actions to the transformed value. Omar calls this process, very aptly, a refinement of the target; here's how we would do it:

(defun jao-refine-url-type (url)
  "Refine type of URL in case it is a video."
  (cons (if (string-match-p jao-video-url-rx url) 'video-url 'url) url))

(add-to-list 'embark-transformer-alist '(url . jao-refine-url-type))

With this strategy, we don't need jao-video-finder at all, and it also makes lots of sense, conceptually, to have our video-url defined as a refinement rather than a new target1. Omar's second suggestion is also in line with this concept: surely we want all actions available for url also for our video-url, don't we? Well, that's exactly the reason why the embark-define-keymap macro we used to define our actions can inherit all the actions already defined in another keymap, using the :parent keyword2:

(embark-define-keymap jao-video-url-map
  "Actions on URLs pointing to remote video streams."
  :parent embark-url-map
  ("p" jao-play-video-url))

(add-to-list 'embark-keymap-alist '(video-url . jao-video-url-map))

It is worth noting that this ability to inherit a keymap is not really an embark add-on: vanilla Emacs keymaps already have it, via the standard function set-keymap-parent. You could actually define jao-video-url-map without using embark-define-keymap at all, and it'd work exactly the same.

So, our code has become shorter and more featureful: thanks, Omar!



There's a scenario where keeping jao-video-finder could make sense, namely, if we want to alter the URL detection function. For instance, i use emacs-w3m, and there often a URL is stored as a text property (the actual text being the link text). To retrieve the URL at point there, one needs to call w3m-anchor, and embark-target-url-at-point will miss it. For that scenario, i ended up writing (and using) jao-video-finder defined with:

(when-let ((url (or (w3m-anchor) (thing-at-point-url-at-point))))
  (cons (if (string-match-p jao-video-url-rx url) 'video-url 'url) url))

Another way of accomplishing the same thing (with another tip of the hat to Omar) would be to add a specific finder for w3m anchors (and keep using the transformer for video-url):

(defun jao-w3m-url-finder ()
  (when-let ((url (w3m-anchor)))
    (cons 'url url)))

(add-to-list 'embark-target-finders #'jao-w3m-url-finder)

This way is more modular and, depending on your taste, more elegant. These functions are small and there's not a big difference between the two approaches, but if one keeps adding finders, things can easily get uglier with the former approach.


In my original example, i was adding also browse-url and browse-url-firefox to the video map. The former is no longer necessary, because it's already present in embark-url-map. If we wanted to make browse-url-firefox available to all URLs, we could add it to embark-url-map (remember, embark's keymaps are just Emacs keymaps). That's yet another simple way of extending embark.

Tags: emacs
09 Jan 2021

embarking videos

Inspired by Prot's musings on completion, i've, ahem, embarked in a reconsideration of my completions setup (as you might have intuited from my recent experiments with the spotify API and consult). As it happens, i'm starting to feel quite at home with a combination of selectrum, prescient and consult, and the ideas to augment what i have with contextual actions using embark seem really natural to me.

The main premise of embark is pretty simple: one has categories of targets that can be acted upon (URLs, regions, files, buffers…), and, for each category, a collection of commands that take an instance of the target and do something with it (that is, a collection of actions on target instances). As you may imagine, user-defined categories and actions are a thing in embark.

A little application of those ideas immediately popped to my mind when i started reading about embark: streaming videos from video hosting platforms. For many reasons, i try to avoid switching my context to graphical browsers and prefer to play those kind of videos by passing their URLs to mpv, which in turn will use youtube-dl to stream the contents.

Now, it's very easy to recognise when a URL is a video URL, we just need to match it against an appropriate regular expression. For example:

(defvar jao-video-url-rx
  (format "^https?://\\(?:www\\.\\)?%s/.+"
          (regexp-opt '(""
  "A regular expression matching URLs that point to video streams")

Given that regular expression, we can write a "video-url target" finder function, using for instance the Emacs standard library thing-at:

(defun jao-video-finder ()
  "Check whether we're looking at a video URL.
Return (video-url . <URL>) if so."
  (when-let ((url (thing-at-point-url-at-point)))
    (when (string-match-p jao-video-url-rx url)
      (cons 'video-url url))))

Once we have a URL in our hands, playing it with mpv is very easy 1:

(defun jao-play-video-url (&optional url)
  (interactive "sURL: ")
  (let ((cmd (format "mpv %s" (shell-quote-argument url))))
    (start-process-shell-command "mpv" nil cmd)))

Now, we can put both things together with embark and tell it, first, that we have a new kind of target (video-url), and, second, what actions are associated to it (jao-play-video-url, among others).

The new target category definition is accomplished by adding its finder function to embark-target-finders alist:

(add-to-list 'embark-target-finders #'jao-video-finder)

Similarly, registering the possible actions for a target is done by adding a keymap for it to embark-keymap-alist. Embark provides the utility macro embark-define-keymap for easily defining new keymaps, so, putting both things together we have:

(embark-define-keymap jao-video-url-map
  "Actions on URLs pointing to remote video streams."
  ("p" jao-play-video-url)
  ("b" browse-url)
  ("f" browse-url-firefox))

(add-to-list 'embark-keymap-alist '(video-url . jao-video-url-map))

Besides our default, jao-play-video-url, i've thrown in for good measure a couple other actions. Note that they don't need to be specially defined, they're just stock Emacs commands taking one argument; and also that jao-video-url-map is just a run-of-the-mill Emacs keymap. As such, it can also be used and modified via the standard Emacs utilities: embark will just use the final result 2.

With that in place, we're done3: one can invoke M-x embark-act (most probably via a keyboard shortcut) when point is around (or right before) a video stream URL, and then press, say, p, to call mpv on it.

You might be thinking that writing a single Emacs command doing the same thing for us and binding it to a key is very easy too, so why bother? Well, as a matter of fact, "writing a standard Emacs command and binding it to a key" is exactly what we did, so, for starters, making it all part of the embark system is not giving us much additional trouble, if any (a couple of calls to add-to-list, all in all). In exchange, we reap the benefits of making our new action interplay with the generic utilities and integrations provided by embark (for instance, you'll see that a host of other generic actions are available and readily accessible for free for our new video URL target). This is, again, a good illustration of (and a homage to) the modularity and orthogonality of a system composed of pieces such as embark and friends.



Note how we're defining jao-play-video-url as an interactive function, that is, as a command, so that it can be used as an action.


That's an illustration of a point highlighted several times by Prot in his talks: a key feature of these utilities is their smooth integration with existing Emacs vanilla APIs, in a modular way that confers them notable power. I cannot overemphasise how right on the money he is!


Well, this being Emacs, one is never done. We can build upon these ideas and add new tricks. For instance, i was musing about adding some kind of metadata to these video URLs, which would then be slurped by Marginalia and then be automatically available to all the other little elfs in this completion forest.

Tags: emacs
08 Jan 2021

consulting spotify

We have two kinds of interaction with Spotify: via its HTTP API to perform operations such as search, and via our local DBUS to talk to client players running in our computer, such as the official client, spotifyd or mopidy-spotify. Our goal is to obtain via the former a track or album identifier that we can send then to the latter to play, with emacs completion mechanisms (consult and friends in this case) providing the glue between both worlds.

Note: you can access this post as an org file in my jao/elibs repository, and transform it to an emacs-lisp file with M-x org-babel-tangle.

Let's start with an umbrella customization group:

;;; espotify.el - spotify search and play -  -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-

(defgroup espotify nil
  "Access to Spotify API and clients"
  :group 'multimedia)

Access to Spotify's API: authentication

I am stealing most of the ideas on how to establish authenticated connections to the Spotify API and performing queries from counsel-spotify, with many simplifications.

We start defining a couple of end-points:

(defvar espotify-spotify-api-url "")
(defvar espotify-spotify-api-authentication-url

And we're going to need as well a client id and secret for our application, which i am again defining as variables since i expect them to be set in some secure manner instead of via customize:

(defvar espotify-client-id nil "Spotify application client ID.")
(defvar espotify-client-secret nil "Spotify application client secret.")

To get valid values for them, one just needs to register a Spotify application. From them we can derive a base64-encoded credentials value:

(defun espotify--basic-auth-credentials ()
  (let ((credential (concat espotify-client-id ":" espotify-client-secret)))
    (concat "Basic " (base64-encode-string credential t))))

The return value of the function above is to be used as the "Authorization" header of our requests to the authorization end-point, which is going to answer with an authorization token that we can then use to further requests. Let's define a function to wrap that operation:

(defun espotify--with-auth-token (callback)
  (let ((url-request-method "POST")
        (url-request-data "&grant_type=client_credentials")
         `(("Content-Type" . "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
           ("Authorization" . ,(espotify--basic-auth-credentials)))))
     (url-retrieve espotify-spotify-api-authentication-url
                   (lambda (_status)
                     (goto-char url-http-end-of-headers)
                     (funcall callback
                              (alist-get 'access_token (json-read)))))))

For instance:

 (lambda (token) (message "Your token is: %s" token)))

obtains an auth token and prints it as a message. Note that body is evaluated asynchronously by url-retrieve, so invocations to espotify-with-auth-token evaluate to the request's buffer and are usually discarded.

Search queries using the Spotify API

We are interested in performing a search for some term, of items of a given types (:track, :album, :artist, etc.), possibly with an additional filter. That's specified in a GET request's URL as constructed by this function:

(defun espotify--make-search-url (term types &optional filter)
  (when (null types)
    (error "Must supply a non-empty list of types to search for"))
  (let ((term (url-encode-url term)))
    (format "%s/search?q=%s&type=%s&limit=50"
            (if filter (format "%s:%s" filter term) term)
            (mapconcat #'symbol-name types ","))))

For instance:

(espotify--make-search-url "dream blue turtles" '(album))

If we have an authorisation token and a search URL in our hands, we can use them as in the following helper function, which will calls the given callback with the results of the query:

(defun espotify--with-query-results (token url callback)
  (let ((url-request-extra-headers
         `(("Authorization" . ,(concat "Bearer " token)))))
    (url-retrieve url
                  (lambda (_status)
                    (goto-char url-http-end-of-headers)
                    (funcall callback
                             (let ((json-array-type 'list))

So we can combine this macro with espotify--with-auth-token in a single search function that takes a callback that will be applied to a given query, specified as a triple of term, types and filter:

(defun espotify-search (callback term types &optional filter)
  (let ((query-url (espotify--make-search-url term types filter)))
     (lambda (token)
       (espotify--with-query-results token query-url callback)))))

For instance:

(defvar espotify-query-result nil)
(espotify-search (lambda (res) (setq espotify-query-result res))
                 "dream blue turtles"
                 '(album artist))
(sit-for 0)
(mapcar 'car espotify-query-result)

So Spotify is returning a results entry per type, which in turn, contains an items with the list of actual results. So let's provide an interface for a callback that takes as many lists of items as types it asks for:

(defun espotify--type-items (res type)
  (alist-get 'items (alist-get (intern (format "%ss" type)) res)))

(defun espotify-search* (callback term types &optional filter)
  (let* ((types (if (listp types) types (list types)))
         (cb (lambda (res)
               (let ((its (mapcar (lambda (tp)
                                    (espotify--type-items res tp))
                 (apply callback its)))))
    (espotify-search cb term types filter)))

For example:

(defvar espotify-query-result nil)
(espotify-search* (lambda (al ar)
                    (message "Found %s albums, %s artists"
                             (length al) (length ar))
                    (setq espotify-query-result (cons al ar)))
                 "blue turtles"
                 '(album artist))
(sit-for 0)
(list (mapcar 'car (car (car espotify-query-result)))
      (mapcar 'car (car (cdr espotify-query-result))))

Sending commands to local players

Once we now the URI we want to play (that uri entry in our items), sending it to a local player via DBUS is fairly easy. Let's define a couple of customizable variables pointing to the service name and bus:

(defcustom espotify-service-name "mopidy"
  "Name of the DBUS service used by the client we talk to.

The official Spotify client uses `spotify', but one can also use
alternative clients such as mopidy or spotifyd."
  :type 'string)

(defcustom espotify-use-system-bus-p t
  "Whether to access the spotify client using the system DBUS.")

and then using the Emacs DBUS API to send methods to it is a breeze:

(defun espotify-call-spotify-via-dbus (method &rest args)
  "Tell Spotify to execute METHOD with ARGS through DBUS."
  (apply #'dbus-call-method `(,(if espotify-use-system-bus-p :system :session)
                              ,(format "org.mpris.MediaPlayer2.%s"

(defun espotify-play-uri (uri)
  (espotify-call-spotify-via-dbus "OpenUri" uri))

Search front-end using consult

I am exploring consult.el (and friends) to replace ivy/counsel, inspired in part by Protesilaos Stavrou's musings, and liking a lot what i see. Up till now, everything i had with counsel is supported, often in better ways, with one exception: completing search of spotify albums using counsel-spotify. So let's fix that by defining an asynchronous consult function that does precisely that!

The top-level command will have this form:

(defun consult-spotify-by (type &optional filter)
  (consult--read (format "Search %ss: " type)
                 (espotify--search-generator type filter)
                 :lookup 'espotify--consult-lookup
                 :category 'spotify-query-result
                 :initial "#"
                 :require-match t))

where we can write an asynchronous generator of search results with the helper function:

(defun espotify--search-generator (type filter)
  (thread-first (consult--async-sink)
    (espotify--async-search type filter)

The above follows a generic consult pattern, where all functions are pre-defined for us except espotify--async-search, an asynchronous dispatcher closure that must generate and handle a list of candidates, responding to a set of action messages (init, reset, get, flush, etc.) 1 Here's its definition in our case:

(defun espotify--async-search (next type filter)
  (let (candidates)
    (lambda (action)
      (pcase action
        ((or 'setup 'refresh) (funcall next action))
        ('destroy (setq candidates nil) (funcall next 'destroy))
        ((pred stringp)
          (lambda (x)
            (setq candidates (mapcar 'espotify--format-item x))
            (funcall next candidates))
          action ;; when we receive a string as the action,
                 ;; it's the user input
        ('get candidates)
        (_ (funcall next action))))))

When processing the results, we format them as a displayable string, while hiding in a property the URI that will allow us to play the item:

(defun espotify--format-item (x)
  (propertize (format "%s" (alist-get 'name x)) 'espotify-item x))

(defun espotify--item (cand)
  (get-text-property 0 'espotify-item cand))

(defun espotify--uri (cand)
  (alist-get 'uri (espotify--item cand)))

and then we make sure that we access that original string when consult looks up for it using the :lookup function, which we can simply define as:

(require 'seq)
(defun espotify--consult-lookup (_input cands cand)
  (seq-find (lambda (x) (string= cand x)) cands))

With that, when we receive the final result from consult--read, we can play the selected URI right away:

(defun espotify--maybe-play (x)
  (when-let (uri (espotify--uri x))
    (espotify-play-uri uri)))

And here, finally, are our interactive command to search and play albums using consult:

(defun consult-spotify-album (&optional filter)
  (espotify--maybe-play (consult-spotify-by 'album filter)))

Adding metadata to candidates using Marginalia

Let's add metadata fields to our candidates, so that packages like Marginalia can offer it to consult or selectrum.

(defun espotify-marginalia-annotate (cand)
  (when-let (x (espotify--item cand))
     ((alist-get 'type x "") :face marginalia-mode :width 10)
     ((or (alist-get 'name (car (alist-get 'artists x))) "")
      :face 'marginalia-file-name :width 50)
     ((if-let (d (alist-get 'total_tracks x)) (format "%s tracks" d) "")
      :face 'marginalia-size :width 12)
     ((if-let (d (alist-get 'release_date x)) (format "%s" d) "")
      :face 'maginalia-modified :width 10))))

(add-to-list 'marginalia-annotators-heavy
             (cons 'spotify-query-result 'espotify-marginalia-annotate))

Exercises for the reader

Defining new interactive commands for other types and queries, as well as standard filters shouldn't be too complicated now that we have the above tools at our disposal.

For instance:

(defun consult-spotify-playlist (&optional filter)
  (espotify--maybe-play (consult-spotify-by 'playlist filter)))

Post-amble   notes

(provide 'espotify)



This is an elegant strategy i first learnt about in SICP, many, many years ago, and i must say that it is very charming to find it around in the wild!

Tags: emacs
29 Dec 2020

what's not to like

I've just discovered Codeberg, a code hosting site that, finally, has let me create a user with plain emacs-w3m, shows me content reasonably well there, with a refreshingly uncluttered layout, handles graciously org files (why, it's even generating a table of contents for me), has a good privacy policy, it's not under the wings of any corporation and had my preferred username free for grabs.

So i'm definitely testing the waters for it to become my default site for (newish) published code: here's my jao/elibs: Emacs libraries and little utilities repository for starters (and, if you look closely, you'll find also my emacs config nearby). If and when that happens, they're going to to get my humble contribution too, i reckon.

Tags: programming emacs
25 Dec 2020

appius and virginia


I recently learnt, at The Neglected Books Page (aptly subtitled Where forgotten books are remembered), about G.E. Trevelyan, an author all but forgotten nowadays too. More concretely, I read about her first novel, Appius and Virginia, and was very intrigued and happy to discover in this video feature that it was going to be re-printed by Abandoned Books Press. My copy arrived yesterday, and it's easily been the best book i've read this year. It's daring, original and exceptionally well-written. It reminds me of another of my favourites of all times, Aldous Huxley, or Woolf if she had tried to try her stream-of-consciousness experiments to the mind of an ape, or maybe Mary Shelley, had she imagined Frankenstein's creature as a puzzled orangutan.

G.E. Trevelyan died tragically due to a Nazi bomb, and had only time for 7 more novels. I'm looking forward to reading them!

Tags: books
31 Oct 2020

two decades of gnu mdk

I've just published GNU MDK 1.3.0, its 28th release, which finally migrates MDK's graphical user interface to GTK+ 3, to keep up with the, ahem, not-so-modern times and see to it that MDK keeps alive for at least another decade or two.


Twenty years ago on this day, the first version of MDK 0.1 was released. Back then, it didn't have an Emacs or graphical interface1, support for internationalization or any integration with Guile, and the debugger was really bare bones (it still is, but not that much). It wasn't yet a GNU package. But all those things, and then more, came in rapid succession, as i used the project to discover the Free Software world, both at a technical and a human level.

As a physicist out of grad school, i wasn't young, but i was just starting in the world of software and everything was fresh and new and exciting. I remember the thrill of receiving emails from total strangers willing to help and offering insightful advice (hi there, Philip King, wherever you are these days), and of thinking that someone else, out there, was finding my little program fun and useful2. Or of exchanging messages with RMS, that guy i had read about in Hackers and admired so much; and then see in the process MDK entering the GNU umbrella. And of seeing it shortly afterwards on Knuth's own page on TAOCP, up there in the MIXware list.

MDK was my first project developed entirely in Emacs running on Debian (twenty years ago, that felt bolder than it sounds now), two constant companions up to ths day. Seeing it as a maintained Debian package was another big satisfaction and milestone for memory lane.

I also have vivid recollections of the mind-bending experience of discovering Scheme, because i learnt that Guile was the extension language of choice for GNU, and my baby steps on writing a lexer or an interpreter, and how humbled i felt when i took a proper compilers course a few years later and looked back at my clumsily rediscovered wheels3.

MDK was also my gateway to publishing a book for the first time, thanks to the nice guys of the GNU Press, with a polished version of its manual. Okay, it's more of a booklet, and out of press by now, but it was an enriching experience nonetheless; for instance i got a chance of seeing an editor in action.

mdk.jpg mdk-source.png

After two decades, having grown older and bitter, all those things look small and of little importance, but as a freshman i truly had the best of times. I think that maybe the most important thing i learned was to collaborate with other people, and i've since been always very fond of the kindness of strangers, and how much one can learn from them.

Anyway, here's to the next twenty years. Happy hacking!



To be honest, i almost never use MDK's graphical interface, and prefer to comfortably use it within emacs, but a bit of eye candy is not bad every now and then.


Keep in mind that those were ancient times, more so on my side of th world: the cool new thing to learn and use for me was CVS, and there were rumors about something called subversion. And then SourceForge felt like the best thing ever.


Shortly after, SICP would be the eye-opener it's been for many and would make everything make sense (i talked a bit about that process in one of my very first blog posts). In retrospect, i think the journey that i then started is the main reason i never went on to complete an MMDK for MMIX, which was planned and going to be written in OCaml.

Tags: programming
19 Oct 2020

in no particular order xiv

Interesting bits elsewhere, emacs edition:

Tags: sundry emacs
Other posts
Creative Commons License by jao is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.